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The Inspector is a powerful tool for examining and editing binary data as a number of different data types. Grouped with the Inspector are seven other tabs: Variables, Visualize, Bookmarks, Functions, Watch, Call Stack and Breakpoints. The Variables tab shows a list of created variables after running a Binary Template or a Script. The variables are also displayed in the Template Results panel but the Variables tab is an alternate location that can be undocked. The Visualize tab is an alternate place to view the Mini Map. The Bookmarks tab displays a list of all created Bookmarks for the current file (see Using Bookmarks) and the Functions tab shows a list of all built-in functions that can be used in Scripts or Templates. Show or hide the tabs by using the 'View > Inspector Windows' menu. The Watch, Call Stack and Breakpoints tabs are discussed in the Using the Debugger help topic.

Some options for the different tabs are accessed by right-clicking with the mouse on the window. Select the 'Copy' option from the menu to copy the contents of the current cell to the clipboard. Clicking the 'Copy Row' or 'Copy Column' option will copy the entire row or column to the clipboard, and the 'Copy Table' option will copy all data (the data will be copied in a tab-delimited format). For some columns of the Inspector, the numbers in the column can be displayed in a number of different numeric formats by selecting 'Column Display Format' from the right-click menu and then choosing 'Hex', 'Decimal', 'Octal', or 'Binary'. Click the 'Export CSV' menu option to write the current table to a CSV file. A CSV file (which stands for Comma Separated Value) is a text file where each cell is written separated by commas and CSV files are written in UTF-8 format.

When viewing the tabs (Inspector, Variables, Bookmarks, etc.) note that the small left and right arrows beside the tabs may need to be clicked to view all the tabs. The following sections discuss each tab:

Inspector Tab

When the Inspector tab is selected a list of data types will be displayed in a table. When a file is opened, the binary data starting at the cursor is converted to each of the different data types and displayed in the table. As the cursor is moved around the file, the Inspector will change to display the converted data. If a selection is made in the current file, the data is converted starting at the beginning of the selection. The following formats are supported in the Inspector:

  • Binary - 8-bit number displayed in binary format

  • Signed Byte - 8-bit number between -128 and 127

  • Unsigned Byte - 8-bit number between 0 and 255

  • Signed Short - 16-bit number between -32768 and 32767

  • Unsigned Short - 16-bit number between 0 and 65535

  • Signed Int - 32-bit number between -2147483648 and 2147483647

  • Unsigned Int - 32-bit number between 0 and 4294967295

  • Signed Int64 - 64-bit number -9223372036854775808 and 9223372036854775807

  • Unsigned Int64 - 64-bit number between 0 and 18446744073709551615

  • Float - 32-bit floating-point number between 1.175494351e-38 and 3.402823466e38

  • Double - 64-bit floating-point number between 2.2250738585072014e-308 and 1.7976931348623158e+308

  • Half Float - 16-bit floating-point number between 5.960464e-08 and 65504

  • String - Displays a null-terminated ASCII character string (limit of 256 characters). If a string is edited and characters are inserted or deleted, when in Insert mode, bytes will be inserted or deleted from the file but when in Overwrite mode, null bytes will be written to the file so that the file size does not change.

  • DOSDATE - 16-bit value representing the date in DOS using the format 'MM/dd/yyyy' (note that M means month, d means day, and y means year). The date format can be controlled in the Inspector Options dialog.

  • DOSTIME - 16-bit value representing the time in DOS using the format 'hh:mm:ss' (note that h means hour, m means minute, and s means second). The time format can be controlled in the Inspector Options dialog.

  • FILETIME - 64-bit value representing date and time in Windows using the format 'MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss'. FILETIME is a 64-bit integer representing the number of 100-nanosecond intervals since 01/01/1601 12:00 AM. The date format can be controlled in the Inspector Options dialog.

  • OLETIME - 64-bit value representing date and time in OLE and Delphi using the format 'MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss'. OLETIME is a 64-bit double representing the number of days since 12/30/1899 12:00 AM. The date format can be controlled in the Inspector Options dialog.

  • time_t - 32-bit value representing date and time in C using the format 'MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss'. time_t is a 32-bit integer representing the number of seconds since 01/01/1970 12:00 AM. The date format can be controlled in the Inspector Options dialog.

  • time64_t - Similar to time_t except data is stored as a 64-bit value. time64_t represents the number of seconds since 01/01/1970 12:00 AM. Use the Inspector Options dialog the change the date format.

  • GUID - Interprets an array of 16 bytes as a GUID, also called a UUID or 'Globally Unique Identifier', which is used in Microsoft Windows (see GUIDs).

  • Opcode (X86-32)/Opcode (X86-64) - Interprets the bytes as an Intel X86 32-bit or 64-bit opcode instruction. See the Disassembler for more information. Each Opcode can be a variable number of bytes.

  • Opcode (ARM-32)/Opcode (ARM-64) - Disassembles the bytes at the cursor into either an ARM 32-bit or ARM 64-bit opcode instruction. Opcodes can be a variable size and see the Disassembler help topic for more information.

To edit a value, left-click the number with the mouse or press the Enter key. Edit the value (see Introduction to Number Systems for a list of supported formats) and press Enter to commit the change or Esc to cancel. Note that changed bytes will be displayed as orange when editing data using the Hex Editor Window. The 'Edit > Undo' or 'Edit > Redo' commands can be used to undo and redo changes made with the Inspector.

The different data types in Inspector may be reordered or deleted or your own custom data formats may be added. To customize the Inspector tab, right-click on the table and click the 'Customize...' menu option or see the Inspector Options dialog.

Variables Tab

The Variables tab displays variables that were generated by running a Script or a Binary Template (see Introduction to Templates and Scripts for more information). Usually the variables generated by a template are edited in the Template Results panel (see Working with Template Results) but this tab provides an alternate place to view and edit variables that can be undocked. The functionality of this tab is the same as the Template Results panel and is discussed in the Working with Template Results help topic.

Visualize Tab


The Visualize tab allows viewing the bytes of a file as colors and provides the same information as the Mini Map. For text files each line is scaled down to a smaller size so that a larger part of the file is visible at one time. For hex files each byte of the file is mapped to a color and the number of bytes per line in the Visualize tab can be different than the number of bytes per line in the editor. Access the options for the tab by right-clicking on the diagram. See the Using the Mini Map help topic for more information about the different drawing options.

Bookmarks Tab

The Bookmarks tab displays a list of all bookmarks for the current file (see Using Bookmarks). Bookmarks are displayed and edited similar to the Template Results panel mentioned above. The Name column displays a combination of the Name and Type fields in the Add/Edit Bookmark dialog. The Value column shows the bytes of the bookmark interpreted according to the data type. The Start and Size columns display the position of the bookmark, and the Color column shows the Foreground (Fg:) and Background (Bg:) colors from the dialog.

To edit a bookmark, select a bookmark from the list and select the 'Edit Bookmark' menu option from the right-click menu. Selecting the 'Remove Bookmark' menu option from the right-click menu will delete the bookmark.

Functions Tab

The Functions tab lists all built-in functions that can be used when writing 010 Editor Scripts or Binary Templates (see Introduction to Templates and Scripts). All functions are sorted into five categories: Interface Functions, I/O Functions, String Functions, Math Functions, and Tool Functions. Click the arrow beside each function group to list all functions in that group. The All group lists every function in alphabetical order. Double-clicking on a function name will insert that function into the text editor at the cursor position. Click a function and press the F1 key to view help on that function.

The other tabs in the Inspector tab group are discussed in the Using the Debugger help topic.

NOTE: The Inspector is a Dock Window. The tabs can be moved to other locations as a group by clicking and dragging on the dock header bar and the individual tabs can be dragged to rearrange them or move them to their own floating window. Right-click the window and deselect the 'Allow Docking' toggle to prevent a tab from docking.

This is the manual for 010 Editor, a professional hex editor and text editor. Use 010 Editor to edit the individual bytes of any binary file, hard drive, or process on your machine. 010 Editor contains a whole host of powerful analysis and editing tools, plus Binary Templates technology that allows any binary format to be understood.

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